Memorising mathematical formulas can be a daunting task for many students. The abstract nature of mathematics, combined with the volume of formulas one needs to remember, can make it seem overwhelming.

However, with the right strategies and techniques, you can significantly improve your ability to recall mathematical formulas. Here are some tips and strategies to help you on your journey to mastering mathematical memorisation.

1. Understand the Formula

Before attempting to memorise a formula, it’s crucial to understand what it represents and how it works. Understanding the derivation and application of a formula provides context, making it easier to remember. For instance, knowing that the quadratic formula solves any quadratic equation helps you appreciate its utility, making the formula more meaningful and memorable.

2. Use Mnemonics

Mnemonics are memory aids that can help you recall complex information. Creating a catchy phrase or rhyme can make remembering formulas easier. For example, to remember the order of operations (parentheses, exponents, multiplication and division, addition and subtraction), students often use the mnemonic “PEMDAS” or the phrase “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally.”

3. Flashcards

Flashcards are a tried-and-true method for memorisation. Write the formula on one side of a card and its name or a related problem on the other side. Regularly testing yourself with flashcards reinforces your memory. Digital flashcards are also available through apps like Anki, which use spaced repetition to optimise your learning process.

4. Practice, Practice, Practice

Repetition is key to memorization. Practicing problems that use the formula helps reinforce it in your memory. The more you use a formula, the more familiar it becomes. Try to solve a variety of problems that feature the formula in different ways to deepen your understanding and recall.

5. Group Formulas by Category

Organising formulas into categories can help you remember them better. For instance, group all the trigonometric identities together, all the algebraic formulas together, and so on. This way, you create mental “folders” that make retrieval easier.

6. Visual Aids

Sometimes, a visual representation can make a formula easier to remember. Draw graphs, diagrams, or even doodles that relate to the formula. For example, visualising the unit circle can help with memorising trigonometric identities.

7. Teach Someone Else 

One of the best ways to reinforce your knowledge is to teach it to someone else. Explaining a formula to a friend or study group can help solidify your understanding and recall. Teaching forces you to organise your thoughts and break down complex concepts into simpler terms.

8. Create a Formula Sheet

Write down all the formulas you need to remember on a single sheet of paper. This sheet becomes a quick reference guide and helps reinforce your memory through the act of writing. Reviewing this sheet regularly will help keep the formulas fresh in your mind. 

9. Use Memory Palaces

The memory palace technique involves associating information with specific locations in a familiar place. For example, you might imagine placing different formulas in different rooms of your house. When you need to recall a formula, you mentally walk through your house to retrieve it. This technique leverages spatial memory to enhance recall.

10. Use Analogies 

Creating analogies can make abstract formulas more relatable. For instance, comparing the formula for the area of a circle to the act of rolling out a pie (both involve circles and spreading out) can make the formula more memorable.

11. Chunking 

Break down complex formulas into smaller, more manageable parts. For example, the quadratic formula can be broken into parts: the discriminant, the square root, and the division by 2a. Memorising these smaller chunks can make the overall formula easier to recall.

12. Regular Review

Frequent review is essential for long-term retention. Schedule regular review sessions for the formulas you’ve learned. This could be daily, weekly, or monthly, depending on your needs. Regular review helps move information from short-term to long-term memory.

13. Stay Relaxed and Positive 

Stress and negative emotions can hinder memory. Approach your study sessions with a positive attitude and take breaks to avoid burnout. Techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, or light exercise can help keep your mind relaxed and focused.

14. Connect Formulas to Real-Life Applications

Relating formulas to real-life situations can make them more meaningful and easier to remember. For example, understanding that the formula for compound interest is used in calculating savings account growth can make it more relevant and memorable.

15. Use Technology 

There are numerous apps and online resources designed to help with memorization. Apps like Quizlet allow you to create digital flashcards, while websites like Khan Academy offer practice problems and explanations that can reinforce your understanding.


Memorising mathematical formulas is not about rote memorisation alone but understanding their applications and creating associations that aid recall. By employing a combination of these strategies, you can significantly improve your ability to remember and apply mathematical formulas.

With consistent effort, you will find that these formulas become second nature, enhancing both your confidence and performance in mathematics.

For extra guidance, check us out at Miracle Math. We provide secondary mathematics tuition in Singapore that is sure to help bring your grades up. Reach out to us for more information.